When the Gallipoli campaign of the Ottoman START THE OTHER EIGHT FRONT
Gallipoli Front – Eastern (Caucasian) Front,
Galicia (Lehistan) Front,
Yemen-Hejaz (Arabia) Front,
East (Caucasus) Breakthrough 1914
November 2, 1914, the Russian forces began their offensive towards the Kars battle with the passing movement. Meanwhile, headed by Enver Pasha he was on the offensive against the Ottoman army. The first Russian troops somewhat retracted, 22 December 1914, Chief Enver Pasha’s tough despite the winter conditions made against the Russians about Sarikamish harekâtta 3 members of the Army was killed and froze the 60,000 troops Allahüekber mountains.
Galicia (Lehistan) Front 1914-1917
When war started in 1914, the Russians invaded Galicia. Fortified by the Germans in 1915, allied forces, defeated the Russians seized again Galicia. They passed the 1917 Russian offensive in Galicia again in July. Initially rapidly advancing Russian troops were withdrawn ten days after pausing. World War I in the northeast of Hungary falling Galicia (Lehistan) Germans in an Ottoman Corps, he fought against the Russians with their Hungarian and Austrian forces.
Romania facade 1916
Romania entered the war alongside the Allies signed an agreement on August 17, 1916. Austria attacked on August 28. He also declared war on the Central Powers Romania. After meeting the German Supreme Command Headquarters, 23 Tümenlik force Powers was offensive to Romania. Within this power, the Turkish members of the 6th Corps 15, there were 25 and 26 divisions. Alliance forces, until the first week of January 1917 took over the whole Romania. Turkish divisions this harekâtta showed great success. 6. 26.Tümen Corps was shifted to Palestine in mid-1917. Remaining until the Russian Revolution in the Romanian 6th Corps, he has killed 42,000 people from the current 19,100.
Macedonian Front 1915-1916
Serbia’s invasion of Powers appears, Danger, bringing the Dardanelles, a French division, were landed on 5 October 1915, Thessaloniki. A French brigade with a British division later joined the union. Macedonia was opened so that front. 20 took part in a number of German and Bulgarian troops against the British and the French and Turkish Corps. In 1916 the British, the French and the number reaches 250,000 Serb soldiers came to the front in the 10th Turkish Army Corps of November 17, 1916. On December 10, 1916 Nail yrb.şükr Gökberk fought 50.Tü man drama about the enemy in command. The most important event in the front next to small attack, on December 11, 1916 is passed into the hands of the Monastery of the Entente Powers.
Yemen (Hijaz) Front 1916-1919
The Ottoman Empire during World War I. He tried to protect Islamic holy cities in Arabia 4 Tümenlik force. 7. The divisions of the Corps Hijaz, Asir, and was stationed in San hudeybiye. Due to these new soldiers from the division, could not be achieved the support material and weapons. In 1916 at the instigation of the British, the Arabs revolted against the Ottoman forces to protect themselves. Sharif Hussein of Mecca, declared its independence. Yemen, Imam Yahya while connected to the Ottomans, the Over Sayyid Idris joined the uprising. February 1917 in order to be assigned to the Hejaz Expeditionary Forces Command, Mustafa Kemal Pasha from Damascus, “Hijaz evacuation vain savunulmayıp” he asked. This request was not implemented due to spiritual reasons. Command assignment was made. Thousands of difficulty in Medina, Yemen, defended until the end of World War I. Over the northern part of the 7th Corps, after a while the armistice was delivered on January 23, 1919.
Sina (Palestine) Breakthrough 1915
In December 1914, the British say they Khedive Abbas Hilmi Pasha, the Turkish-friendly administration away from Egypt and the Suez Canal were completely dominant. 4. Minister of the Navy and Army Commander Cemal Pasha, December 14, 1915 14,000 camel to his campaign two arms of the Suez Canal (channel 1 War) was not successful. 4 was returned in February 1915 to Birüsseb-Gaza. To get the Suez Canal in 1916, while 2 Channel Operation, Sharif of Mecca, Hussein revolted against the Ottoman Empire at the instigation of the British. A part of the 4th Army troops to suppress the rebellion was sent to Hijaz. If the rest of the army, were taken to defend the Gaza-Jordan-Birüsseb line. British in spring 1917, attacked Gaza. Gaza War 1 and 2 were performed. The British were forced to retreat in the face of the heroic defense of Turkey. Front of Palestine began to increase in the collection of the British reinforcements on the front of Cemal Pasha abandoned the use in Iraq and Palestine decided to use caution with the Lightning Army in Syria. 7. In the same year was appointed Army Commander Mustafa Kemal Yildirim Army Commander disagreed with General Falkenhayn. Harbin wrote two reports that criticized the government resigned from the commander in the October 6, 1917. British completed their preparation for war, 138,000 troops began an offensive on October 24, 1917. They won the Birüsseb to-Gaza War. Jerusalem fell on November 9, 1917. British forces under General Allenby; Telaz between the beginning of March 1918, 18 May, 1 and 2 in Salt Amman attacks were successfully stopped. Enhances the buildup and offensive to the existing 460,000 rising British army in Palestine began on 19 September 1918 developed rapidly and completely into the hands of the British Palestine.
Mesopotamian campaign 1914
This front, to seize the oil fields of the British, October 15, 1914 and November 23, 1914 Bahrain opened the occupation of Basra. Ottoman forces mixed with local troops could not resist the occupation. The British were addressed through Ahwaz in Iran. December 20, 1914, assigned to the front in order to get back to the Basra commander, Capt. Mr. Solomon amassed military forces and tribesmen from taking advantage of volunteers, he assault April 12, 1915. Şuayb failed in the war and was taken to Kutülamare. He committed suicide. The British captured Baghdad to get here, they attacked the command of General Townshend. Turkish forces were stopped in Selmanpak English. British after the bloody battle, withdrew November 26, 1915. Kutülamare on 8 December 1915, the besieged British troops surrendered on April 28, 1916 after five months of resistance. General Townshend, including 13,399 captured. Although some came to the aid of General Townshend British troops were driven up to the beginning of 1916, Hamedan in Iran. British troops reached power they expected at the beginning of 1917. They went to attack. March 11, 1917 in General Maude led British troops entering Baghdad, Khalil Pasha, the Ottoman troops under the command of Baghdad was empty. Baghdad failed recovery attempt of the Turkish forces. Samerra who addressed the British Army, began moving towards Mosul. To undo the 7 Army in Aleppo, Baghdad, 6 Ordu’yl established by combining the command of General Falkenhayn Yildirim Army Group was established. While preparations in Aleppo, the British marched up to Tikrit.
Syria facade 1917
Activity on this front began in 1917. In order to get back to the 7th Army in Aleppo it was founded in Baghdad in 1917. Assistance was provided for the needs of the German army. 6 and 7 established Yildirim Army Group consisting of the Army, was appointed commander of the German General Falkenhayn. In 1918 to replace Falkenhayn was appointed Yildirim Army Group Command, General Liman von Sanders. 7 Army Commander Mustafa Kemal Pasha was. British forces launched the offensive 460,000 people on September 19, 1918 could not be stopped in Palestine. British forces advanced into Syria and Damascus fell. Lightning Army Commander, leaving the task of establishing the defense scheme in Aleppo, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, went to Adana. Mustafa Kemal, on the one hand with the British, were forced to contend with the other Arab armed gangs. North of Aleppo, set up a defensive line managed to stop the British. A day after the armistice on 31 October 1918 he was appointed Yildirim Army Group Command.